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Title: Rehabilitation of Common Musculoskeletal Disorders. Tags: common definition disorders musculoskeletal neuromuscular rehabilitation. Latest Highest Rated. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.

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Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title: Musculoskeletal Disorders 1 Musculoskeletal Disorders Part Two 2 Osteoporosis Reduction in bone density change in bone structure Bone reabsorption gt bone formation Pathological fractures can occur and collapse of vertebrae Postmenopausal women greatest risk due to estrogen deficiency Affects 1. Types Osteoporosis Pagets Disease Osteomalacia Gout Gouty Arthritis 4 Osteoporosis Fragility fractures occur due to low trauma bending over to pick up a newspaper Most common fractures hip, vertebrae radius Osteopenia- low bone mineral density compared with that expected for age sex risk factor for fracture Affects of post-menopausal women have osteopenia of the hip 1 of every two women will experience a fracture at some point in their life 5 Osteoporosis The World Health Organization defines osteoporosis as bone mass that is 2.

Crystals may also form under the skin as well as the kidneys or urinary tract. Increased uric acid blood levels and formation of uric acid crystals in the joints are associated with gout.

The definitive diagnosis of gout is dependent on finding uric acid crystals in the joint fluid during an acute attack 22 TREATMENT of GOUT Colchicine reduces uric acid and phagocytosis NSAIDs the treatment of choice indomethacin naproxen or steroids if resistant to NSAIDS Allopurinol blocks production of uric acid Aspirin and aspirin-containing products should be avoided during acute attacks used only on the advice of physician 23 Gout Drugs In multiple gout attacks, or those that developed kidney stones more aggressive drug management is necessary.

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Drugs that block absorption by the kidney, such as probenecid, and drug that block production of uric acid by the body, such as allopurinol are considered. The choice between these two types of drugs depends on the amount of uric acid in the urine. With correct treatment, gout should be well controlled in almost all cases. Important ROM CPM successful for some 32 Synovectomy 33 Muscular Dystrophy Designates a group of genetic disorders involving gradual degeneration muscle fibers Progressive weakness skeletal muscle wasting, disability deformity Duchennes MD most common severe Dx Sex-linked recessive disorder affects males exclusively Xp21 gene Lab Dx serum creatinine kinase analysis levels elevated in MD due to abn of striated muscle function Treatment symptomatic supportive 34 Read Bone tumors Disorders of the foot 35 Berarducci, A.

Lengacher, C. The impact of osteoporosis continuing education on nurses' knowledge and attitudes. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.

musculoskeletal disorders ppt download

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That's all free as well!Copy embed code:. Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed. WordPress Embed Customize Embed. URL: Copy. Presentation Description No description available. Slide 3: 4 September Rehabilitation includes all measures aimed at reducing the impact of disability for an individual, enabling him or her to achieve independence, social integration, a better quality of life and self-actualization.

It was promoted as a strategy to improve access to rehabilitation services for people with disabilities in low-income and middle-income countries, by making optimum use of local resources. No rehabilitation services are available to people with disabilities in 62 countries.

Children with disabilities are much less likely to attend school than others. Slide 8: 4 September People with disabilities tend to experience higher unemployment and have lower earnings than people without disabilities. CBR is currently implemented in over 90 countries. Cont… Slide 4 September To enhance activities of daily life of disabled persons. To create a situation in which the community of the disabled persons can participates fully into their society. Universal mission of CBR CBR in Musculoskeletal Disorders: 4 September CBR in Musculoskeletal Disorders Musculoskeletal conditions have a great impact on the society, healthcare system and individuals since they are a common cause of long-lasting pain and limitation of physical ability.

Situation analysis It helps planners to build up an understanding of the situation in which people with disabilities and their families live, to determine the most appropriate course of action. Slide 4 September Steps involved : 1. Collecting facts and figures.

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Stakeholder analysis. Problem analysis. Cont… Slide 4 September 2. Planning and design It ensures that all aspects of a CBR programme are considered — priority needs are identified, a clear map or plan towards achieving a desired goal is designed.

musculoskeletal disorders ppt download

Slide 4 September Steps involved : Plan together with key stakeholders. Set priorities. Prepare the programme plan as a logical frame work [ Goal — Purpose — Outcomes — Activities ].

Decide what resources are needed? Prepare a budget. Cont… Slide 4 September 3. Monitoring provides information for decisions and changes to short-term planning to ensure that outcomes are met and that, eventually, the goal and purpose are achieved. Completion of each planned activities. Collecting, Recording, Analyzing, Reporting and Sharing the information. Cont… Slide 4 September 4. Evaluation and Management Evaluation can lead to a decision to continue, change or stop a programme, and can also provide important evidence that CBR is a good strategy for equalization of opportunities, poverty reduction and social inclusion of people with disabilities.

The charts were first developed by Nelson et al. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, Vol. By Andrea Polovina et. A guide for community health workers, rehabilitation workers, and families. By David Werner. Physical therapy roles in community based rehabilitation: case study in rural area.

I cannot do everything, But still I can do something; And because I cannot do everything, I will not refuse to do the something that I can do. Follow us on:.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. Get the plugin now. Toggle navigation. Help Preferences Sign up Log in. To view this presentation, you'll need to allow Flash.

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Rehabilitation of Common Musculoskeletal Disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Title: Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. Tags: disorders musculoskeletal physiotherapy related work. Latest Highest Rated. So there is a threshold for reporting pain 10 Not Reporting 1 Of the with pain in the last year Most did not give a reason 85 did not report because symptoms were mild or not considered a problem 11 Impact of pain on productivity And 40 attributed their pain to non-work factors.

Should they have reported? Among those with neck and upper limb pain 7 had difficulty sticking to work routine or schedule 9 had difficulty concentrating on work 16 had difficulty using pens, computer keyboards etc.

Hes just going to work with it. Have any of you feared the consequences of reporting pain at work? Radiating neck complaints Cervical degenerative disease Cervico-brachial fibromyalgia Tension neck syndrome Trapezius myalgia Levator scapulae myalgia Status post-whiplash Non-specific musculoskeletal pain neck Thoracic outlet syndrome Frozen shoulder syndrome Rotator cuff syndrome Acromioclavicular syndrome Gleno-humeral degenerative joint disease Bicipital tendinitis Shoulder pain Scapulothoracic pain syndrome Thoracalgia Arm myalgia Triceps tendinitis Pronator syndrome Radial nerve entrapment Ulnar nerve entrpament elbow Posterior interosseus nerve entrapment Lateral antebrachial neuritis Forearm myalgia Non-specific diffuse forearm pain Tendon disorders Wartenbergs syndrome Ganglion cyst Ulnar nerve entrapment wrist Carpal tunnel syndrome deQuervains Trigger finger Painful 1st carpometacarpal joint Osteoarthritis Arthralgia Digital neuritis Non-specific discomfort 18 Does your doctor report your WMSD to the WSIB?

Sullivan Cole, Lost days at work Pain gt 12 times or gt 7 days in last year, moderate intensity Reported to workplace Saw health practitioner Work aggravates pain Any neck or upper limb pain 15 20 22 29 51 60 Where should we draw thresholds for Action? How would you evaluate whether it worked? In a recent systematic review, moderate evidence that workplace based Early contact, work accommodation and workplace-health care provider contact promote reductions in work disability Workplace visits and labour management cooperation reduce work disability What would you suggest?

The proportion of workplaces actually implementing ways to reduce etiological risk factors and promoting recovery appears limited For example, monitoring of relevant psychosocial and physical risk factors and using such information to inform programmes was rare in Canadian health care organizations 37 Biggest Challenges Achieving coverage i.

Workplaces acting upon evidence of effective preventive and rehabilitative interventions Clinicians acting upon observations and being supported in interacting with workplace parties to achieve change Policy makers using tools to promote both 38 Acknowledgements Epidemiological, clinical, biomechanical and other colleagues Participating organizations and individuals in studies cited Workplace Safety Insurance Board of Ontario funding to IWH US National Institute of Occupational Safety Health for support 39 Key Reference Panel on Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council NRC and Institute of Medicine.

Musculoskeletal disorders and the workplace low back and upper extremities. Ch 11 on Interventions in the workplace Describing the burden of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in newspaper workers What difference do case definitions make?

J Occup Rehab 1 Occup Environ Med Transitions in self-reported musculoskeletal pain and interference with activities among newspaper workers. J Occup Rehab 3 Methodological issues in evaluating workplace interventions to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders through mechanical exposure reduction.

Scan J Work Environ Health 5 Quality of working life indicators in Canadian healthcare organizations a tool for healthy healthcare workplaces? Early prognostic factors for duration on temporary total benefits in the first year among workers with compensated occupational soft tissue injuries.

MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Occupational Environmental Medicine 4 Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use. You can use PowerShow.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play.

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View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Title: Musculoskeletal Disorders. Description: Musculoskeletal Disorders B. Pimentel, M.

MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

Tags: disorders joint musculoskeletal. Latest Highest Rated.

Osteomyelitis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

When the big toe points toward the second toe causing a bump to appear on the outside edge of the toe. Caused by wearing narrow, high heeled shoes. Symptoms Red, calloused skin along the inside edge of the big toe A bony bump at the site Pain over the joint, which pressure from shoes makes worse Big toe turned toward the other toes 3 Bunions Hallux valgus Treatment Wear wide toed shoes Wear felt or foam pads on your foot to protect the bunion or a spacer to separate the first and second toes.

Surgery if severe 4 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome What is it? Syndrome in which the patient has long-term, body-wide pain and tenderness in the joints, muscles, tendons and other soft tissues. Linked to fatigue, sleep problems, headaches, depression and anxiety. Possible causes Physical and emotional trauma, stress Abnormal pain response Sleep disturbances Infection 9 Fibromyalgia Symptoms Painful areas called tender points May be localized or generalized Extreme fatigue, sleep problems Other Irritable bowel, memory probs, palpitations, headaches, tremors, bladder spasms, blurred vision Diagnosis Minimum of 3 months of widespread pain in at least 11 of 18 areas 10 Fibromyalgia Treatment Physical Therapy Exercise Light massage Relaxation techniques Medications antidepressants, anti-seizure, muscle relaxants, pain relievers, sleeping aids Cognitive behavioral therapy Support groups 11 Gout What is it?

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What causes it? Painful arthritic disease that occurs most often in men Disruption of body's control over uric acid production or excretion, resulting in high levels of uric acid in the blood When uric acid builds to a certain level, it crystallizes, and these crystals are deposited in connective tissue all over the body When crystals are deposited in the synovial fluid, they cause sudden sharp pain in the joint 12 Gout 13 Gout 14 Gout Symptoms Big toe, knee or ankle joints are most often affected.

Pain starts suddenly, often during the night Joint appears warm and red, very tender Possible fever Treatment NSAIDs, Analgesics, Corticosteroids Allopurinol or probenecid to decrease uric acid levels Decrease consumption of purine-rich foods sardines, organ meat, legumes, fatty foods, protein 15 Ankylosing Spondylitis What is it?

Rheumatic disorder causing inflammation of the axial skeleton and large peripheral joints Etiology unknown, but thought to have genetic basis with possible environmental influences More common in men usually begins at age when women have it, more peripheral involvement 16 Ankylosing Spondylitis Signs and symptoms Back pain Early morning stiffness, relieved by activity Pain is eased by assuming kyphotic posture Diminished chest expansion, fever, weight loss, fatigue Articular cartilage is destroyed causing fibrous adhesions, bone fusion, and calcification of the intervertebral disks 17 Ankylosing Spondylitis Treatment PT for postural training, especially to strengthen back extensors NSAIDs to reduce inflammation and pain Corticosteroids Surgery 18 Herniated Disk What is it?

Lumbar radiculopathy, cervical radiculopathy, herniated intervertebral disk, prolapsed intervertebral disk, slipped disk, ruptured disk, herniated nucleus pulposus All or part of the disk in the spine is forced through a weakened part of the disk, placing pressure on the nearby nerves.

Lumbar area is the most common area, followed by cervical. Group of inherited disorders that involve muscle weakness and loss of muscle tissue. Worsens over time. Genetic Symptoms Vary with the different types. Muscle weakness, delayed development of muscle motor skills, falls, loss of strength, atrophy 22 Muscular Dystophy Treatment No cure.

Symptom management is the goal. Physical therapy to maintain muscle strength and function.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. Get the plugin now. Toggle navigation. Help Preferences Sign up Log in. To view this presentation, you'll need to allow Flash. Click to allow Flash After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play.

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View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Description: Adduction and supination of forefoot with an inversion varis Muscular Dystrophy. Duchennes- 13 types. Onset of symptoms. Muscular dystrophy Provided by: leatricema. Tags: disorders musculoskeletal dystrophy gluteal.

Latest Highest Rated. An 18 month old is scheduled for application of a plaster cast to correct a clubfoot. The post-op plan should include which of the following measures?

Elevate the cast above the level of the heart b. Handle cast with fingertips c. Reposition the child every 2 hours d.

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A parent asks why her infant must wear a Pavlik harness. The nurse responds that he purpose of this device is to Provide comfort and support Shorten the limb on the affected side Maintain the femur within the acetabulum Provide outward displacement of the femoral head. An adolescent must wear a Milwaukee brace. Which of the following actions would the nurse take to promote optimal functioning for the teen?Disorders of the musculoskeletal system represent a main cause for absence from occupational work.

musculoskeletal disorders ppt download

Musculoskeletal disorders lead to considerable costs for the public health system. Specific disorders of the musculoskeletal system may relate to different body regions and occupational work. For example, disorders in the lower back are often correlated to lifting and carrying of loads of to the application of vibration.

Upper-limb disorders at fingers, hands, wrists, arms, elbows, shoulders, neck may result from repetitive or long-lasting static force exertion or may be intensified by such activities. The severity of these disorders may vary between occasional aches or pain to exactly diagnosed specific diseases. Occurrence of pain may be interpreted as the result of a reversible acute overloading or may be a pre-symptom for the beginning of a serious disease.

The purpose of this document on the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders is to inform about the risk factors and to influence the actions of employers and the behavior of workers in such a way that risks of physical loadings, dangerous to health or unnecessarily fatiguing, are avoided or diminished. The document has been prepared in such a way that it can be used by employers, supervisors, and occupation health trainers when designing work and work environment or for preparing information materials and training programmes.

In consequence, application of the guide should be helpful to reduce harm to individuals, to influence the efficiency of work positively, and reduce costs on the public health system. Preventing musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace pdf, kb French pdf, kb Spanish pdf, kb. Health Topics. Year of the Nurse and the Midwife About Us.

Skip to main content. Protecting Workers' Health Series No. Download Preventing musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace pdf, kb French pdf, kb Spanish pdf, kb Related links Preventing musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace pdf, kb.

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